Some of the benefits of music instruction for preschool children
There is no better training for a child than music. And the earlier you start, the more powerful this type of education is.
Increase in IQ
A study to determine if music lessons enhance IQ by Schellenberg, the University of Toronto (2004), focused on children who were no older than six “because plasticity declines in older children.” “Absolute (perfect) pitch is evident primarily among individuals who begin taking music lessons before the age of 7.” For his study, Schellenberg tested children after a year of music lessons and found increases in children’s IQ, a result not replicated by non-musical activities.
In 2006, Schellenberg wanted to find out if lessons lasting longer than a year would have an even greater impact on raising IQ. Participants in this study reported taking music lessons beyond the one year. Children ages 6-11 “each additional month of music lessons was accompanied by an increase in IQ of one-sixth of a point, such that six years of lessons was associated with an increase in IQ of 7.5 points, compared with children who did not have the same amount of musical instruction.”
In 2012, a study by Kaviani et al, showed that preschool children who took music lessons had a significant increase in IQ compared to the children who did not take lessons.
Reading and language skills
Bolduc found that children who got high scores on musical aptitude tests could also get superior results in phonological awareness and word recognition. He focused on music education and kindergartners’ pre-reading skills (phonological awareness). Preschool children in the experimental music training program had an improvement, particularly in the syllable identification tasks and the rhyme and phoneme identification tasks compared to the control group.
Absolute (Perfect) Pitch
Adult Second Language Acquisition